Effects of Group Training Based on the Health Belief Model on Knowledge and Behavior Regarding the Pap Smear Test in Iranian Women: a Quasi-Experimental Study

Document Type: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Authors

1 Mother and Child Care Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran

2 Mother and Child Care Research Center,School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran.

3 M.Sc. of Counseling in Midwifery, Student Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery,Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran.

4 Chronic Disease Research Center,School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran.

5 Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran.

Abstract

The Pap smear test is recommended for early diagnosis of cervical cancer. The aim of this study was to assess knowledge and behavior regarding the Pap smear test based on the Health Belief Model (HBM) in women referred to premarital counseling classes, Hamadan, Iran. This quasi-experimental study was conducted on 330 women, who were allocated randomly to two case and control groups (n=165). Two educational session classes were performed in the case group. Two stages in before and after intervention groups were evaluated. Analysis of data was performed by SPSS/16.0, using t-test, x2, and McNemar’s test. P-values

Keywords