Opisthorchis viverrini Infection Among People in the Border Areas of Three Provinces, Northeast of Thailand

Document Type: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Authors

1 Parasitic Disease Research Unit, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

2 School of Family Medicine and Community Medicine, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

3 Suranaree University of Technology Hospital, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

4 School of Surgery, Institute of Medicine, Suranaree University of Technology, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

5 Faculty of Public Health, Vongchavalitkul University, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

Abstract

Opisthorchis viverrini is still a serious problem in Northeastern and Northern Thailand. Active surveillance is required to determine updated data for further prevention and control planning. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the prevalence and risk factors for O. viverrini in three provinces, Northeastern Thailand. A cross-sectional survey was conducted during October 2015 to March 2016 at Kaeng Sanam Nang district of Nakhon Ratchasima province, Waeng Noi district of Khon Kaen province, and Khon Sawan district of Chaiyaphum province, Thailand. Stool samples were examined by using a modified Kato-Katz Thick smear technique. From a total of 978 participants screened, O. viverrini infection was found in 1.74%, the majority opf positive cases being male (6.62%), age group 51-60 years old (4.21%), educated at primary school (8.43%), occupied with agriculture (9.62%),having an income <4,000 baht per month (4.82%), and living in Khon Sawan district (8.43%). Participants had a high knowledge level (42.43%), good attitude level (34.76%), and fair level (38.04%). The present study indicates the O. viverrini infection rate is low, but elderly males with primary school education involved in agriculture are still frequently effected particularly in Khon Sawan district. Therefore, this risk g roup requires behavior modification and continued monitoring.

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