Evaluation of the Geographical and Family Background of Student Nurses and Midwives and their Knowledge of Cancer and Nutrition


Plant foods are the custodians of numerous dietary constituents, including vitamins, minerals, fibre, and other ‍potentially anticarcinogenic agents. Eating habits are influenced by many biological, social, psychological, and ‍cultural factors. Despite the relative paucity of definite evidence relevant to prevention in cancer and the tools ‍available for early detection of cancer, people should be informed about the protective factors (dietary influence, ‍life-style and exercise) continuously to develop new habits which will protect against cancer. A descriptive study was ‍here designed to examine the effects of geographical and family background on nutrition of nursing students and ‍their knowledge of recommended dietary guidelines for health promotion and cancer prevention. ‍Most of students and their families lived in Aegean and Marmara regions, and in general they regularly consumed ‍vegetables, fruits and cereals. Fresh vegetable and fruit consumption is rather high in Thrace, Aegean, Marmara ‍and Mediterranean regions of Turkey. Students were found to be well informed during courses on dietary guidelines ‍for health promotion and cancer prevention. The greatest promise for cancer prevention rests on our ability to ‍change multiple and often interrelated behaviours that have been shown to increase the risk of cancer. ‍