Preventive Effects of a Flavonoid Myricitrin on the Formation of Azoxymethane-induced Premalignant Lesions in Colons of Rats


The preventive effect of dietary exposure to a flavonoid myricitrin of azoxymethane (AOM)-induced aberrantcrypt foci (ACF) and beta-catenin-accumulated crypts (BCAC) formation was investigated in male F344 rats.Thirty-four rats were divided randomly into five experimental groups. Rats in groups 1-3 were given subcutaneousinjections of AOM (15 mg/kg body weight) once a week for 3 weeks. Starting 1 week before the first injection ofAOM, rats in groups 2 and 3 were fed a diet containing 500 or 1000 ppm myricitrin, respectively, for 11 weeks.Rats in group 4 were fed a diet containing 1000 ppm myricitrin. Rats in groups 1 and 5 were given the basal dietalone during the study. The experiment was terminated 11 weeks after the start. The frequency of ACF per colonin group 3 treated with AOM and 1000 ppm myricitrin was significantly lower than that in group 1 treated withAOM alone (p<0.01). Furthermore, dietary myricitrin at both doses (groups 2 and 3) significantly inhibited theformation of BCAC when compared to group 1 (p<0.05). These results indicate that myricitrin had possiblechemopreventive effects in the present short-term colon carcinogenesis bioassays and suggest that longer exposuremay cause suppression of tumor development.