Lymphovascular Space Invasion as a Prognostic Determinant in Uterine Cancer


The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI)in patients with uterine cancer in terms of lymph node metastasis, recurrence and survival rate. A total of 190patients with newly diagnosed uterine cancer who underwent total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH), bilateralsalpingo-oophorectomy (BSO), omentectomy, peritoneal washing or ascitic fluid collection, and pelvic/paraaorticlymph node sampling at Chiang Mai University Hospital between January 1999 and December 2004 wereevaluated. All medical records and histopathologic slides were retrospectively reviewed to determine therelationship between LVSI and clinicopathological characteristics. LVSI was present in 79 patients (42%) andsignificantly correlated with lymph node metastasis (p<0.001), BMI < 25 kg/m2 (p<0.001), advanced FIGOstage (p< 0.001), poor histologic grade (p<0.001), and deep uterine invasion (p<0.001). Patients with LVSI,when stratified by FIGO stage, also had a significant lower 5-year survival rate. For those who had diseaserecurrence, LVSI and histologic grade were found to be independent prognostic factors in a multivariate analysis.LVSI was one of the prognostic determinants for disease recurrence and associated with poor survival in patientswith uterine cancer.