The article focuses on two women’s cancers, breast and cervical cancer, that are much more deadly indeveloping countries than in developed countries. Early detection can make a significant difference for thetreatment outcome of these two cancers and there are now cost-effective tools for prevention and screening. Theauthors propose a new public health approach to these two cancers in developing countries where resources foreffective cancer control are very limited and offer a framework for putting women’s cancers in developingcountries on the global public health agenda. The key areas are: 1. Proposals for a new, integrated public healthapproach to women’s cancers (breast and cervical) in resource poor settings; 2. Reviews of the evidence forcost-effective screening and early detection of breast and cervical cancer, and discussion of some of the lessonslearned from HIV/AIDS on an integrated health systems approach; 3. Outlines of ways to make a priority ofwomen’s cancers in developing countries on the political agenda of international agencies.