In India breast and cervical cancers are the commonest cancers and have high annual age-adjusted rates inall the registries. In order to have significant improvement in cancer control in India there needs to be adisproportionate focus on women’s breast and cervical cancer. In most women cancer has spread at the time ofpresentation. Simple, inexpensive and cost-effective screening methods are available for both the cancers andcompliance to investigation and treatment has been reported to be more than 70%, and more than 80%,respectively for those diagnosed. Screening on a large scale though cost-effective will be challenging economicallyas well as programmatically. However, there is a need to strategize and select appropriate high-risk groups,have standardized guidelines for screening and treatment, and concentrate on what is do-able.