Characteristics of Colorectal Mucinous Adenocarcinoma in Iran


Aims and Background: Mucinous adenocarcinoma (MA) colorectal cancer accounts for 10 to 15% of colorectalcarcinoma. It is generally thought that patients with MA present at a more advanced stage of disease and havea poorer prognosis than those with other types of carcinoma The purpose of the present study was to clarifythe clinicopathological characteristics of mucinous colorectal carcinoma in the Iranian population.
Methods:Between January 2002 and March 2008, Of the 1283 colorectal cancer patients, 110 patients were consideredto have mucinous tumors according to pathology report. Patients evaluated on the basis of sex, age, location oftumor, stage, differentiation of tumor and family history of cancer. Kaplan-Meier curves and log-rank tests wereused for survival analysis.
Results: The median age of these patients at diagnosis was 50.07 years. More than50% of patients were younger than aged 50 years. 34.5% of patients had a family history of colorectal cancerin their first-degree relatives. Most tumors were presented in right colon. 54.3% of MA patients had advancedStage lesions. The Kaplan-Meier method indicated that, the 1, 3 and 5years survival rates are 92.6, 80.1 and41.3 percent, respectively. Survival of the patients was related to disease stage (P = 0.023).
Conclusion: Oursuggests that genetic factors may be play an important role in the development of this disease in our countryand screening programs, especially genetic screening programs, should be considered as a main measure forprevention and control of colorectal cancer in Iran.