The aim of the study is to describe the cognition of breast cancer with respect to knowledge, beliefs, attitudesand behavior in a group of gestational age Turkish women. A questionnaire survey was therefore performed on201 randomly selected women registered to the health database in Aydin. In age, marital status, and occupationwere found to significantly impact on breast self-examination (BSE) performance, which should still be consideredas an important tool for early diagnosis, although it does not substitute clinical examination and education. Asdelayed diagnosis is the leading problem in the management of disease, well-structured education should besupported to increase awareness of breast cancer. Given to the remarkable role of nurses in the community onwomen’s health, a more focused approach on education of young female populations by nurses in Turkey shouldbe considered.