World-wide epidemiological studies have shown that cancer of the uterine cervix is the second most commonmalignant disease in women. Virtually every cervical cancer (99.7%) is HPV-positive, indicating that the presenceof HPV is an obligatory element in their development. The present study was conducted by Fast-PCR (within 15min.) based diagnosis of HPV 16 and HPV 18 infection amongst patients of suspected cervical cancer, confirmedby cytological methods. Twelve women, out of a total of fifty studied cases who had positive cervical pap smears(24%) were found to be positive for HPV 16/HPV 18 infection when PCR based technique was applied. Theresults indicate, perhaps, a greater specificity of PCR based diagnosis, or presence of other HPV subtypes asetiological factors in the present study group confined to Southern Assam.