Aim: To study the potential role of cytochrome P450, family 1, subfamily A, polypeptide 1 (CYP1A1) polymorphisms in the risk of renal cell cancer in Chinese.
Methods: A total of 181 pathologically-proven renal cancers and 350 controls from the second Xiangya Hospital in Changsha were collected during the period from May 2007 to December 2010. CYP1A1 genetic polymorphisms were genotyped using PCR-RFLP. Unconditional logistic regression analysis was performed to analyze their relationship with risk of RCC.
Results: Individuals with Val/Val genotypes had a significantly increased risk of RCC compared those with CYP1A1 IIe/IIe (OR=1.69, 95%CI=1.03-2.85). We also found CYP1A1 Wt/Vt and Vt/Vt to confer a significantly greater risk than CYP1A1 Wt/Wt (Wt/Vt: OR=2.14, 95%CI=1.24-3.45; Vt/Vt: OR=1.78, 95%CI=1.31-3.96). In smokers, a high increase risk of RCC was observed in those with CYP1A1 Val allele and Vt allele (Val allele: OR=2.13, 95%CI=1.40-2.57; Vt allele: OR=3.75, 95%CI=2.43-6.79), but no other significant interactions were found.
Conclusion: Our study found suggestive evidence that CYP1A1 polymorphisms may play an important role in the etiology of RCC. Cigarette smoking may increase the susceptibility to RCC carcinogenesis in individuals with a high-risk genotype.