Objectives: To determine the prevalence of HPV and cervical neoplasia among HIV-infected women insouthwestern China.
Methods: Cervical cytology, HPV detection by Hybrid Capture-2™ assay, and diagnosticcolposcopy were followed by cervical biopsy if indicated. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyzeassociations between HPV co-infection and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), and HIV-related clinicaland laboratory parameters.
Results: Colposcopic-histopathologically proven CIN2+ lesions were present in7/83 (8.4%) HIV-infected women. Nearly half (41/83, 43%) were co-infected with carcinogenic HPV genotypes.HPV co-infection was higher in women with colposcopic-histopathologically proven CIN2+ lesions than womenwith <CIN1 after adjusting for age (OR: 8.3, 95% CI: 0.9, 73.4). Women with CD4+ cell counts less than 350cells/μL had higher CIN2+ prevalence after adjusting for current ART status and age (adjusted OR: 6.3, 95%CI: 1.1, 36.5).
Conclusions: HIV/AIDS care and treatment programs should integrate effective cervical cancerprevention services to mitigate the risk of invasive cervical cancer among HIV-infected women in China.