Background: In the United Arab Emirates (UAE) tobacco use is rampant. A less reported, yet widely used formof smoking native to UAE is midwakh or dhokha. The aim of the study is to assess the acute effects of smokingdokha (Arabian pipe) on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems among male university students in theUAE.
Method: A quasi-experimental study was conducted among 97 male volunteers aged more than 17 years.Blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate of each participant, were measured before and immediately aftersmoking. A self administered questionnaire was used to collect personal details and data about smoking pattern.
Results: Mean increases in systolic blood pressures (12 ± 1 mmHg), heart rates (20 ± 2 bpm) and respiratoryrates (4 ± 1 breaths/min) were observed (p < 0.001). A mean decrease in diastolic blood pressures (1 ± 1 mmHg)was observed (p = 0.483).
Conclusion: Smoking dokha has a significant acute effect on systolic blood pressure,heart rate and respiratory rate. Anti smoking campaigns must address the ill effects of this form of smoking.Results from the study warrant further research into this method of smoking which is becoming more popular.