Aim: To evaluate the association of glutathione S-transferases gene polymorphisms with the risk of gastriccancer, with reference to smoking and Helicobacter pylori infection.
Methods: We conducted a 1:1 matched casecontrolstudy with 410 gastric cancer cases and 410 cancer-free controls. Polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1 andGSTP1 were determined using PCR-CTPP.
Results: The GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes were significantlyassociated with the risk of gastric cancer after adjusting for potential confounding factors (OR=1.68, 95%CI=1.32-2.23 for null GSTM1, OR=1.73; 95% CI=1.24-2.13 for null GSTT1). The combination of null GSTM1and null GSTT1 conferred an elevated risk (OR=2.54, 95% CI=1.55-3.39). However, no association was foundfor GSTP1 polymorphism The smoking modified the association of GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes withthe risk of gastric cancer.
Conclusion: GSTM1 and GSTT1 null genotypes are associated with increased risk ofgastric cancer, and smoking modifies the association.