Aims: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a breast cancer screening educational programon women’s knowledge and intention to seek breast cancer screening in Taiwan. Materials and
Method: This studydescribes the knowledge and intention of breast cancer screening changes during the period pre and post groupeducation. A pre-test and post-test were used in both the experimental and the control groups. A conveniencesampling was used. Two structured questionnaires were used.
Results: The mean knowledge of breast cancerscreening scores (pre-test and post-test) of the experimental group participants were 12.6 and 14.0. Then themean knowledge of breast cancer screening scores (pre-test and post-test) of the control group participants were11.8 and 12.1. The mean intention of breast cancer screening scores (pre-test and post-test) of the experimentalgroup participants were 11.4 and 13.5. And the mean intention of breast cancer screening scores (pre-test andpost-test) of the control group participants were 11.6 and 12.4. An independent-t test was applied to examinethe differences among the two groups, revealing that the average post-test knowledge score differ significantlybetween the two groups (t =4.18, p<.00); and the post-test intention also demonstrate a marked statistical difference(t = 2.07, p<.05). A paired-t test was applied to examine the differences of each group, revealing that the totalaverage scores of the experimental group participants on the knowledge of breast cancer screening scale clearlydiffer statistically (t =-5.54, p<.00); and the pre-test and post-test intention testing also demonstrate a markedstatistical difference (t =-7.70, p<.00).
Conclusions: These findings are helpful in understanding the knowledgeand intention of breast cancer screening changes during the period pre and post group education. It is expectedthat these results can offer a reference for clinical breast cancer prevention.