Clinicopathological Study of Gall Bladder Carcinoma with Special Reference to Gallstones: Our 8-year Experience from Eastern India


Gallbladder carcinoma (GBC) is the commonest cancer of the biliary tree and the most frequent cause of deathfrom biliary malignancies. The incidence of GBC shows prominent geographic, age, race, and gender-relateddifferences and is 4-7 times higher in patients with gallstones. This prompted us to study the clinicopathologicalaspects of the disease and the incidence of gallstones in gallbladder carcinoma patients, in this part of India. Inthis, combined retrospective (Jan 2004-March 2010) and prospective study (April 2010-Dec 2011) of eight years,198 patients of gallbladder carcinoma (50 males and 148 females), (range 28-82 years; mean 55 years) were studied.Most of the patients were poor and presented with abdominal pain and mass, with abnormal lab parameters.Gallstones were present in 86% of patients. Surgical exploration was performed in 130, with gallbladder resectionin 60 (including 7 incidental GBC). Adenocarcinoma (87.7%) was the commonest histological type. The studyindicates that GBC is common in our scenario. It is a disease of elderly females, has a strong association withgallstones and every cholecystectomy specimen should be examined histopathologically.