The Pap-Smear Test Experience of Women in Turkey: A Qualitative Study


Objective: The study was planned with the purpose of examining the attitude of women who have pap-smeartest for the early diagnosis of cervical cancer, factors affecting their decisions and their feelings and experiencesduring this period. Materials and
Methods: A phenomenological method was used. Data were collected betweenMarch 2012 and April 2012 using standard and purposive samplings from 17 women. A detailed interview withwomen were held in their houses and recorded. The data collection tool consisted of two parts, one of which isinformation form with 17 questions identifying sociodemographic and cervical cancer risk factors of women andthe second part is made up of semi-structured interview form with 15 alternative questions taking literature andthe pap-smear test into consideration. Collected data were put into a written document. Content analysis washeld by loading the documents into NVIVO 8 Statistical Programme.
Results: The study comprised themes suchas cervical risk factor, decision of taking pap-smear test, taking pap-smear test, knowledge about pap-smear test,relieving factors during pap-smear test, obstructive factors during pap-smear test, gynecological examinationand feelings of women during and after pap-smear test while waiting for the results.
Conclusions: As womenperceive gynaecological examinations differently from other examinations, they have different feelings in eachprocess of the Pap smear test. Medical staff should advise women more clearly on the nature and advantages ofthe Pap-smear test.