Objective: Cervix cancer is one of the most common gynecological cancer types that cause cancer deathsamong women. This study was planned based on a descriptive method in order to evaluate the results of PAPsmear screening during pregnancy for prevention of cancer. Materials and
Methods: The research involved110 pregnant women registered at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Polyclinic of Bagcilar Training and ResearchHospital and 86 non-pregnant women of the same ages as a control group. As criteria for acceptance wereconditions such as not being in coitus within the last 48 hours, not using vaginal ovule, and not performing vaginallavage. A survey consisting of 33 questions was conducted and the results were processed using Bethesda.
Results:The average ages were 27.1±4.70 for the pregnant women and 28.8±4.24 for the control group. 60.7% of caseshad previously heard of a PAP smear test, 49% were aware of why PAP smear tests were conducted, 26.4% ofpregnant participants and 27.3% of non-pregnant participants had previously undergone a smear test. In thisstudy, smear results of all cases were 95.4% sufficient. 18.2% of pregnant cases had an infection, 54.5% hadreactive cellular change, and 0.9% had atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASC-US). 16.3%of non-pregnant cases had an infection, 58.1% had reactive cellular change, 3.5% had atypical squamous cellsof undetermined significance (ASC-US), and 1.2% had low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LGSIL).
Conclusion: PAP smear test is a good opportunity to identify pre-invasive lesions in early phases of pregnancy.