Background: No factor has thus far been identified to predict the efficacy of bevacizumab therapy forcolorectal cancer. We here therefore studied PTEN, VEGF, HER2 and p53 by immunohistochemistry as possibleprognostic and predictive factors. Materials and
Methods: A total of 34 retrospectively collected tumor sampleswere evaluated, all from patients receiving bevacizumab-based regimens. VEGF-A, PTEN, HER2, p53 wereassessed and data was compared with clinicopathologic characteristics of patients and the bevacizumab responserate.
Results: In this study, the median age of the 34 metastatic colorectal cancer patients was 55.5 (24-75),twelve (35.3%) being women and 22 (64.7%) men. PTEN, VEGF, HER2, p53 expressions were compared withbevacizumab response and other chacteristics of disease. Statistical significant differences were not found betweenbevacizumab response rates and different expression levels of VEGF, PTEN, HER2 and p53 (respectively p=0.256,p=0.832, p=0.189, p=0.131). However, a survival difference was noted in the VEGF expression negative group(median OS:55 months; 95%CI, 22-88 months) (p=0.01). There was no statistically significant OS differencein other groups (PTEN p=0.6, HER2 p=0.189, p53 p=0.13).
Conclusions: We did not find any predictive factorfor BV therapy in our study. VEGF negative expression could be an important prognostic factor in metastaticcolorectal carcinoma.