Prognostic Impact of Cyclin D1, Cyclin E and P53 on Gastroenteropancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumours


Conventional classifications of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP- NETs) are ratherunsatisfactory because of the variation in survival within each subgroup. Molecular markers are being foundable to predict patient outcome in more and more tumours. The aim of this study was to characterize theexpression of the proteins cyclin D1, cyclin E and P53 in GEP- NETs and assess any prognostic impact. Tumorspecimens from 68 patients with a complete follow-up were studied immunohistochemically for cyclin D1, cyclinE and P53 expression. High cyclin D1 and cyclin E immunostaining (≥ 5% positive nuclei) was found in 48(71%) and 24 (35%) cases, and high P53 staining (≥ 10% positive nuclei) in 33 (49%) . High expression of P53was more common in gastric neuroendocrine tumors and related to malignant behavior, being associate with aworse prognosis on univariate analysis (RR=1.9, 95%CI=1.1-3.2). High expression of cyclin E was significantlyassociated with shorter survival in the univariate analysis (RR=2.0, 95%CI=1.2-3.6) and multivariate analysis(RR=2.1, 95%CI=1.1-4.0). We found no significant correlation between the expression of cyclin D1 and anyclinicopathological variables. Our study indicated a prognostic relevance for cyclin E and P53 immunoreactivity.Cyclin E may be an independent prognostic factor from the 2010 WHO Classification which should be evaluatedin further studies.