The 2518 A/G Polymorphism in the MCP-1 Gene and Cancer Risk: A Meta-analysis


Background: The 2518 A/G polymorphism in the MCP-1 gene has been extensively studied for associationswith cancer; however, results from replication studies have been inconsistent. The aim of this investigationwas to determine links with risk of cancer by meta-analysis.
Methods: We searched Pubmed, Embase, CNKI,Weipu and Wanfang databases, covering all case-control studies until March, 2013. Statistical analyses wereperformed using the Revman 5.0 software.
Results: A total of 11 case-control studies met our inclusion criteria,including 1,422 cases and 2,237 controls. The results indicated that the MCP-1 2518 gene polymorphism had noassociation with cancer risk overall (GG vs.GA+ AA: OR = 0.89, 95%CI = 0.61–1.28, P = 0.52). However, in thesubgroup analysis by ethnicity, a decrease of cancer risk was found in Asian populations (GG vs.GA+ AA: OR =0.79, 95%CI = 0.63–0.99, P = 0.04).
Conclusion: This meta-analysis suggested that the 2518A/G polymorphismof MCP-1 gene is associated with risk of cancer among Asian, but not in Caucasian populations.