Significance of Blood Group and Social Factors in Carcinoma Cervix in a Semi-Urban Population in India


Background: To assess the significance of social factors as risk factors for carcinoma cervix and to determinethe significance of blood group to prevalence of carcinoma cervix in a semi-urban population of Kolar, Karnataka,India. Materials and
Methods: One hundred cases of carcinoma cervix were included in the study, along with200 females of the same ages considered as controls. Case details were collected from the hospital record sectionregarding social factors and blood groups and the data were analyzed by descriptive statistical methods.
Results:Blood group B showed the highest number of cases (55 cases) followed by blood group O (29 cases) in carcinomacervix which was statistically significant (p<0.001). Age of marriage between 11 to 20 years showed highestnumber of carcinoma cervix cases (77 cases) and this also was statistically significant (p<0.001). Patients withrural background were 75 (p=0.112, odds ratio: 1.54), parity of more than or equal to two constituted 96 cases(p=0.006, odds ratio: 4.07) and Hindu patients were 95 in number (p=0.220, odds ratio: 1.89).
Conclusions: Bloodgroup B and age of marriage between 11 and 20 years were significantly associated with carcinoma cervix inour population. Region of residence, parity and religion presented with a altered risk for carcinoma cervix.