Correlation between Low Gleason Score and Prostate Specific Antigen Levels with Incidence of Bone Metastases in Prostate Cancer Patients: When to Omit Bone Scans?


Background: To identify correlation and incidence of bone metastases in prostate cancer patient withlow Gleason scores (GS) and prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels. Materials and
Methods: This descriptiverestrospective study covered patients with prostate cancer in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital in 2006-2011. Of atotal of 478, those who had PSA values, histological examination, and bone scan were included, resulting in 358eligible cases. PSA values were measured using the sandwich electrochemiluminescent immunoassay. Histologicalexamination was graded according to Gleason’s grading system and divided into 3 categories: well differentiated(GS≤6), moderately differentiated (GS 7) and poorly differentiated (GS 8-10). Bone scans were performed usinga radiopharmaceutical agent (Tc 99m methylenen diphosphonate) with images captured by gamma camera.
Results: The mean age was 67.5±7.8, mean GS was 7.7±1.3 and median PSA was 56.9 (range: 0.48-17000 ng/mL). There were 11 patients (3.0%) with positive bone scan with PSA<20 ng/mL and GS<8. Furthermore, therewere 2 patients (0.6%) with GS≤6 and PSA<10 ng/mL showing bone metastasis.
Conclusions: In our study, therewere still small percentage of patients with bone metastasis even when low values of PSA (PSA<10 ng/mL) andGS (GS≤6) were applied.