Development of an Educational Program to Prevent Cervical Cancer among Immigrants in Korea


Background: This study developed and measured the effects of a cervical cancer prevention program formarried women immigrants. Materials and
Methods: A nonequivalent control group pre-test/post-test design wasused with a group of married women immigrants registered at the multi-cultural center in the city of “J.” Dataon for 30 participants in the intervention group and 27 participants in the control group (N=57) were used foranalysis. The intervention group attended a 4-session cervical cancer prevention program.
Results: The knowledgeof the intervention and control groups about cervical cancer post-intervention was significantly different (F=12.55,p<0.001). The perceived susceptibility score before and after the experiment, for the intervention group, and29.4 and 28 for the control group, was significantly different (t=2.063, p=0.043). After the program, cancerprevention behavior was significantly different in the intervention group (t=2.646, p=0.010).
Conclusions: Theresults obtained in this study indicate that the cervical cancer preventive program was effective in increasingcervical cancer knowledge, perceived susceptibility, and cancer prevention behavior.