Associations Between XRCC1 Arg399Gln, Arg194Trp, and Arg280His Polymorphisms and Risk of Differentiated Thyroid Carcinoma: A Meta-analysis


Background: Associations between Arg399Gln, Arg194Trp and Arg280His polymorphisms of the XRCC1 geneand risk of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) have been widely studied but the findings are contradictory.
Methods: We performed a meta-analysis in the present study using STATA 11.0 software to clarify any associations.Electronic literature databases and reference lists of relevant articles revealed a total of 10, 6 and 6 publishedstudies for the Arg399Gln, Arg194Trp and Arg280His polymorphisms, respectively.
Results: No significantassociations were observed between Arg399Gln and DTC risk in all genetic models within the overall andsubgroup meta-analyses, while the Trp/Trp vs Arg/Arg and recessive model of the Arg194Trp polymorphismwas associated with DTC susceptibility, and the dominant model of Arg280His polymorphism contributed toDTC susceptibility in Caucasians.
Conclusions: Our meta-analysis suggests that XRCC1 Arg194Trp may be arisk factor for DTC development.