The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) inribosomal protein SA (RPSA) gene with colorectal cancer (CRC). A case-control study including 388 controls and387 patients with CRC was conducted in a Chinese population. Information about socio-demography and livingbehavior factors was collected by a structured questionnaire. Three SNPs (rs2133579, rs2269349, rs7641291)in RPSA gene were genotyped by Illumina SnapShot method. Multiple logistic regression models were used forassessing the joint effects between tea consumption and SNPs on CRC. The subjects with rs2269349 CC genotypehad a decreased risk for CRC (OR=0.60; 95%CI = 0.37-0.99), compared with TT/CT genotype after adjustmentfor covariates. A similar association of rs2269349 with rectal cancer was observed (OR=0.49; 95%CI=0.24-1.00).Further analyses indicated that this SNP could modify the protective effect of tea drinking on CRC. Amongthe subjects with rs2269349 TT/CT or rs2133579 AA/GA, there was a marginal significantly lower risk of CRC(OR and 95%CI: 0.63 and 0.39-1.01 for rs2269349; 0.64 and 0.40-1.02 for rs2133579) in tea-drinking subjects incomparison to non-tea-drinking subjects. Mutants in the RPSA gene might be associated with genetic susceptibilityto CRC and influence the protective effect of tea consumption in the Chinese population.