Effects of Self-Concept Levels and Perceived Academic Achievements of Turkish Students on Smoking Perceptions


Background: The objective of this study was to examine the effect of self-concept levels and perceived academicachievements of sixth, seventh and eighth grade primary school students upon their perceptions about smoking.
Method: The data were collected with the Socio-Demographic Data Collection Form, Pier-Herris Self-Conceptscale and Children’s Decision Balance Scale. The study sample consisted of 374 students receiving education inthe sixth, seventh and eighth grades of three primary schools, which were selected among primary schools ofIzmir Provincial Directorate for National Education representing three socio-economic groups with a simplerandom sampling method. The data were collected in December 2012-January 2013. Percentages and the t testwere used in the evaluation of the data.
Results: While students with a positive self-concept had score averagesof 7.12±2.18 regarding the lower dimension of smoking pros and 29.0±2.47 regarding the lower dimension ofsmoking cons, their counterparts with a negative self-concept had score averages of 8.61±3.76 (p=0.000) and28.1±3.49 (p=0.004), respectively. According to self-perception, there was statistical difference between perceptionsof students regarding smoking (p<0.01). While students perceiving themselves successful had score averagesof 7.81±3.13 and 28.5±3.19 regarding the lower dimension of smoking benefit and harm, students perceivingthemselves unsuccessful had score averages of 8.27±3.39 (p=0.333) and 29.01±2.05 (p=0.235), with no differencedetermined.
Conclusion: Students with a positive self-perception had a low perception of smoking pros and a highperception of smoking cons. Perception of academic achievement did not affect the pros and cons perceptionsof children regarding smoking.