Cleistocalyx nervosum Extract Ameliorates Chemical-Induced Oxidative Stress in Early Stages of Rat Hepatocarcinogenesis


Purpose: To study the effect of Cleistocalyx nervosum extract (CE) on diethylnitrosamine (DEN) andphenobarbital (PB) induced oxidative stress in early stages of rat hepatocarcinogenesis. Materials and
Methods:Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups, with Group 1 as a negative control and Group 2 was a positivecontrol receiving DEN injections once a week and PB in drinking water for 6 weeks. Two weeks before DENinitiation and PB treatment, Groups 3 and 4, were fed with 500 and 1000 mg/kg of CEs, respectively, for 8weeks.
Results: A number of GST-P-positive foci, preneoplastic lesions, in the liver were markedly increased incarcinogen administered rats, but was comparatively decreased in rats treated with 1000 mg/kg of CE. The CEreduced malondialdehyde in serum and in the livers of rats treated with DEN and PB. Moreover, CE significantlyincreased the activities of glutathione peroxidase and catalase in rat liver.
Conclusions: CE appeared to exertits chemopreventive effects by modulating antioxidant status during DEN and PB induced early stages ofhepatocarcinogenesis in rats.