Clinical Observations on Associations Between the UGT1A1 Genotype and Severe Toxicity of Irinotecan


Background: Severe toxicity is commonly observed in cancer patients receiving irinotecan (CPT-11)UDPglucuronosyltransferase1A1 (UGT1A1) catalyzes the glucuronidation of the active metabolite SN-38 but therelationship between UGT1A1 and severe toxicity remains unclear. Our study aimed to assess this point to guideclinical use of CPT-11. Materials and
Methods: 89 cancer patients with advanced disease received CPT-11-basedchemotherapy for at least two cycles. Toxicity, including GI and hematologic toxicity was recorded in detail andUGT1A1 variants were genotyped. Regression analysis was used to analyse relationships between these variablesand tumor response.
Results: The prevalence of grade III-IV diarrhea was 10.1%, this being more common inpatients with the TA 6/7 genotype (5 of 22 patients, 22.7%) (p<0.05). The prevalence of grade III-IV neutropeniawas 13.4%and also highest in patients with the TA 6/7 genotype (4 of 22 patients; 18.2%) but without significance(p>0.05). The retreatment total bilirubin levels were significantly higher in TA6/7 patients (mean, 12.75μmol/L)with compared to TA6/6 (mean, 9.92 μmol/L) with p<0.05.
Conclusions: Our study support the conclusion thatpatients with a UGT1A1*28 allele (s) will suffer an increased risk of severe irinotecan-induced diarrhea, whetherwith mid-or low-dosage. However, the UGT1A1*28 allele (s) did not increase severe neutropenia. Higher serumtotal bilirubin is an indication that patients UGT1A1 genotype is not wild-type, with significance for clinic usageof CPT-11.