Analysis of Different Ways of Drainage for Obstructive Jaundice Caused by Hilar Cholangiocarcinoma


Objective: To evaluate the prognosis of different ways of drainage for patients with obstructive jaundicecaused by hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Materials and
Methods: During the period of January 2006- March 2012,percutaneous transhepatic catheter drainage (PTCD)/ percutaneous transhepatic biliary stenting (PTBS) wereperformed for 89 patients. According to percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC), external drainagewas selected if the region of obstruction could not be passed by guide wire or a metallic stent was inserted if itcould. External drainage was the first choice if infection was diagnosed before the procedure, and a metallicstent was inserted in one week after the infection was under control. Selection by new infections, the degree ofbilirubin decrease, the change of ALT, the time of recurrence of obstruction, and the survival time of patients asthe parameters was conducted to evaluate the methods of different interventional treatments regarding prognosisof patients with hilar obstruction caused by hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
Results: PTCD was conducted in 6 patientsand PTBS in 7 (p<0.05). Reduction of bilirubin levels and ALT levels was obvious after the procedures (p<0.05).The average survival time with PTCD was 161 days and with PTBS was 243 days (p<0.05).
Conclusions: Withboth drainage procedures for obstructive jaundice caused by hilar cholangiocarcinoma improvement in liverfunction was obvious. PTBS was found to be better than PTCD for prolonging the patient survival.