Many studies have reported β-catenin involvement in the development of esophageal carcinoma (EC), but its prognostic significance for EC patients remains controversial. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis to explore the issue in detail. After searching PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, we included a total of ten relevant studies. We pooled the overall survival (OS) data using RevMan 5.2 software. The results showed that aberrant expression of β-catenin was associated with a significant increase of mortality risk (hazard ratio 1.71, 95%CI 1.46-2.01; p<0.00001). Subgroup analyses further suggested that aberrant expression of β-catenin resulted in poor OS of EC patients regardless of histological type of EC, studylocation or criteria for aberrant expression of β-catenin, and the sensitivity analyses revealed that the result was robust. The meta-analysis revealed that aberrant expression of β-catenin could be a predicative factor of poor prognosis for EC patients.