Objective: Explore the feasibility of allo- hemopietic stem cell transplants in treating patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia.
Methods: Between september 2006 and February 2011, fifteen patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) were treated by allo-hemopietic stem cell transplants (HSCT). Stem cell sources were peripheral blood. Six patients were conditioned by busulfan (BU) and cyclophosphamide (CY) and nine patients were conditioned with TBI and cyclophosphamide (CY). Graft versus host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis regimen consisted of cyclosporine A (CSA), methotrex ate (MTX) and mycophenolatemofetil (MMF).
Results: Patients received a median of 7.98×108·kg-1 (5.36-12.30×108·kg-1) mononuclear cells (MNC). The median time ofANC> 0.5×109/L was day 12 (10-15), and PLT> 20. 0×109/L was day 13 (11-16). Extensive acute GVHD occurred in 6 (40.0%) patients, and extensive chronic GVHD was recorded in 6 (40.0%) patients. Nine patients were alive after 2.5-65 months follow-up.
Conclusion: Allogeneic stem cell transplant could be effective in treating patients with B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia.