Objective: This study was conducted to identify whether polymorphic variants of set domain-containing protein 8 (SET8) and tumor protein p53 (TP53) codon 72, either independently or jointly, might be associated with increased risk for cervical cancer.
Methods: We genotyped SET8 and TP53 codon 72 polymorphisms ofperipheral blood DNA from 114 cervical cancer patients and 200 controls using the polymerase chain reactionrestriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and direct DNA sequencing.
Results: The frequency of SET8 CC (odds ratios (OR) = 2.717, 95% CI=1.436-5.141) or TP53 GG (OR=2.168, 95% CI=1.149-4.089)genotype was associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer on comparison with the SET8 TT or TP53 CC genotypes, respectively. In additional, interaction between the SET8 and TP53 polymorphisms increased the risk of cervical cancer in a synergistic manner, with the OR being 9.913 (95% CI=2.028-48.459) for subjects carrying both SET8 CC and TP53 GG genotypes.
Conclusion: These data suggest that there are significant associations between the miR-502-binding site SNP in the 3’-UTR of SET8 and the TP53 codon 72 polymorphismwith cervical cancer in Chinese, and there is a gene-gene interaction.