Background: The istone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) is known to mediate the regulation of gene expression and antiproliferation activity in cancer cells. Krüppel-like factor 4 (klf4) is a zinc fingercontaining transcription factor of the SP/KLF family, that is expressed in a variety of tissues and regulates cell proliferation, differentiation, tumorigenesis, and apoptosis. It may either either function as a tumor suppressor or an oncogene depending on genetic context of tumors. Aims: In this study, we tested the possibility that TSA may increase klf4 expression and cancer cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in SKOV-3 and A549 cells. Materials and
Methods: The cytotoxicity of TSA was determined using the MTT assay test, while klf4 gene expression was assessed by real time PCR andto ability of TSA to induce apoptosis using a Vybrant Apoptosis Assay kit.
Results: Our results showed that TSA exerted dose and time dependent cytotoxicity effect on SKOV-3 and A549 cells. Moreover TSA up-regulated klf4 expression. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that apoptosis was increased after TSA treatment.
Conclusions: Taken together, this study showed that TSA increased klf4 expression in SKOV3 and A549 cell lines, consequently, klf4 may played a tumor-suppressor role by increasing both cell growth inhibition and apoptosis. This study sheds light on the details of molecular mechanisms ofHDACI-induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis.