Background: Cancer is the most common cause of death in Thailand, where treatment outcomes andprognosis are poor and mortality rates remain high. This study reports new cancer cases and trends of allcancers registered in Srinagarind Hospital from 1993 to 2012 and also provides a picture of the cancer situationin Northeast Thailand. Materials and
Methods: All new cases of cancer registered in the hospital-based cancerregistry at Faculty of Medicine, Srinagarind Hospital, Khon Kaen University during 1993-2012 were included inthe study. Results and
Conclusions: The number of new cancer cases has gradually increased each year duringthe last 20 years. The three most common cancers at present in males are liver and bile duct cancer, lung cancerand colorectal cancer, respectively. In females, liver and bile duct, breast and thyroid cancers are now the mostfrequent. Interestingly, the number of cases of both liver and bile duct cancer and colorectal cancer in malesnoticeably increased during the second decade of the study. Additionally, breast cancer greatly increased in thesame decade and lung cancer in females climbed into the top five most common cancers. Thyroid cancer hasalso risen steadily in the last decade. Trends of common cancers are similar to those throughout Thailand.