Tim-3 Expression by Peripheral Natural Killer Cells and Natural Killer T Cells Increases in Patients with Lung Cancer - Reduction after Surgical Resection


Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate Tim-3 expression on peripheral CD3-CD56+natural killer (NK) cells and CD3+CD56+ natural killer T (NKT) cells in lung cancer patients. Materials and
Methods: We analyzed Tim-3+CD3-CD56+ cells, Tim-3+CD3-CD56dim cells, Tim-3+CD3-CD56bright cells, and Tim-3+CD3+CD56+ cells in fresh peripheral blood from 79 lung cancer cases preoperatively and 53 healthy controlsby flow cytometry. Postoperative blood samples were also analyzed from 21 members of the lung cancer patientcohort.
Results: It was showed that expression of Tim-3 was significantly increased on CD3-CD56+ cells, CD3-CD56dim cells and CD3+CD56+ cells in lung cancer patients as compared to healthy controls (p=0.03, p=0.03 andp=0.04, respectively). When analyzing Tim-3 expression with cancer progression, results revealed more elevatedTim-3 expression in CD3-CD56+ cells, CD3-CD56dim cells and CD3+CD56+ cells in cases with advanced stages(III/IV) than those with stage I and II (p=0.02, p=0.04 and p=0.01, respectively). In addition, Tim-3 expression wassignificantly reduced on after surgical resection of the primary tumor (p<0.01).
Conclusions: Tim-3 expressionin natural killer cells from fresh peripheral blood may provide a useful indicator of disease progression of lungcancer. Furthermore, it was indicated that Tim-3 might be as a therapeutic target.