Background: One of the causes of acute leukemia can be exposure to certain chemicals such as pesticides.This study determined the relationship between exposure to pesticides and the occurrence of acute leukemiain Fars province, south of Iran. Materials and
Methods: Between April 2011 and April 2013 in a case-controlstudy conducted in Nemazee Hospital in Shiraz, Southern Iran; 314 subjects diagnosed with acute leukemia(94 pediatric cases and 220 adults) were enrolled to determine any correlation between exposure to pesticidesand the occurrence. Controls (n=314) were matched by sex and age.
Results: There was a history of exposureto pesticides among 85% of pediatric cases and 69% of their controls and 83% of adult cases and 75% of theircontrols while 87.5% of pediatric cases and 90% of adult cases reported exposure to intermediate and high dosesof pesticides and among the controls, the exposure to low doses of pesticides was 70.5% and 65%, respectively.Exposure to indoor pesticides was seen among most of cases and controls. Being a farmer was at a significantlymore increased risk of developing acute leukemia in comparison to other jobs, especially for their children.
Conclusions: Exposure to pesticides was shown to be one of the most important causes of acute leukemia. Itseems that there is a need to educate the people on public health importance of exposure to pesticides especiallyduring school time to reduce the risk of malignancies during childhood.