Background: Published studies have reported relationships between X-ray repair cross-complementing group1 (XRCC1) Arg399Gln polymorphism and lung cancer risk in Chinese population. However, the epidemiologicalresults remained controversial. The objective of this study was to clarify the association of XRCC1 Arg399Glnpolymorphism with lung cancer risk in the Chinese population. Materials and
Methods: Systematic searches wereperformed through the database of Medline/Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase, CNKI and WanFang MedicalOnline. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were calculated to estimate the strength ofthe association.
Results: Overall, we observed an increased lung cancer risk among subjects carrying XRCC1codon 399 Gln/Gln genotype (OR=1.36, 95%CI: 1.09-1.71) in the Chinese population on the basis of 19 studieswith 5,416 cases and 5,782 controls. We did not observe any association between XRCC1 codon 399 Arg/Gln andArg/Gln+Gln/Gln polymorphisms and lung cancer risk (OR=1.00, 95%CI: 0.92-1.08 and OR=1.05, 95%CI: 0.97-1.13, respectively). Limiting the analysis to studies with controls in agreement with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium(HWE), we observed an increased lung cancer risk among subjects carrying XRCC1 codon 399 Gln/Gln genotype(OR=1.18, 95%CI: 1.01-1.38). When stratified by source of control, we observed an increased lung cancer riskamong subjects carrying XRCC1 codon 399 Arg/Gln+Gln/Gln genotype on the basis of hospitalized patient-basedcontrols (OR=1.21, 95%CI: 1.04-1.42) and among subjects carrying XRCC1 codon 399 Gln/Gln genotype onthe basis of healthy subject-based controls (OR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.04-1.43).
Conclusions: Our findings indicatedthat certain XRCC1 Arg399Gln variants might affect the susceptibility of lung cancer in Chinese population.Larger sample size studies are required to confirm our findings.