Background: The aim of the study was to assess the extent of knowledge, attitudes and practical behavior ofwomen in Bojnourd conerning the Pap smear test. Materials and
Methods: This cross-sectional and populationbasedstudy was conducted with 1000 Iranian women aged 15-60 years old in Bojnourd city. In order to collect thedata, a validated questionnaire was provided in four sections covering demographic information and questionsabout knowledge, attitude and practice about the Pap smear. Statistical analysis was performed with the StatisticalPackage for Social Sciences (version 17.0) applying a 0.05 significance level.
Results: Evaluation of knowledgeshowed that 146 women (14.6%) had very weak, and 594 women (59.4%) had weak knowledge. In contrast, mostof the women studied, 873 (87.3%), had a positive attitude toward the Pap smear test. According to the findings,375 women (37.6%) had done this test so far. Findings indicated that the extent of knowledge had a meaningfulrelationship with the attitude status (p<0.0001). Also, there was a meaningful relationship between knowledgeand practice, so that the weakest practice was seen in women who had weak knowledge (61.1%), (p<0.0001).
Conclusions: According to findings of this research, most women do not have an appropriate knowledge aboutthe necessity of having the Pap smear test, so that only a low percentage of women had undergone this test.