Background: Repeating a prior chemotherapy (rechallenge therapy) is an option for selected patients withmetastatic colorectal cancer, but there is very little evidence in the literature for this approach. Thus, we reviewedour registry to evaluate prognostic factors and survival of patients who received irinotecan and oxaliplatinbasedregimens as rechallenge third and fourth-line therapy. Materials and
Methods: Patients who receivedirinotecan-based or oxaliplatin-base regimen as first-line had been rechallenged with third-line or fourth-linetherapy. These patients were selected from the database of Turkish mCRC registry archives between October2006 and June 2013 and evaluated retrospectively for factors effecting progression free survival (PFS) and overallsurvival (OS) by the Kaplan-Meire and Cox-regression methods.
Results: Thirty-nine patients were enrolled. Themedian duration of follow-up was 36 months (14-68 months). Thirty-one patients (76%) died during follow-up.In terms of rechallenge treatments, 29 patients had received third-line and 10 patients had received fourth-line.Response rate (RR) was found to be 12.9%, with stable disease in 19 (48.7%) patients. The median PFS was 6months (95%CI=4.64-7.35 months) and the median OS was 11 months (95%CI=8.31-13.68 months). The factorseffecting survival (PFS and OS) were only being PFS after first-line chemotherapy ≥12 months (p=0.007, 95%CI=1.75-35.22 and p=0.004, 95%CI=1.44-7.11), both in univariate and multivariate analyses.
Conclusions: Thisstudy indicates that rechallenge treatment could be a good option as a third or later line therapy in patients whohad ≥12 months PFS onreceiving first line therapy.