Early and Late Complications after Inguinofemoral Lymphadenectomy for Vulvar Cancer


Background: We aimed to determine the frequency of early and late complications following groin surgeryfor vulvar cancer and analyze possible risk factors. Materials and
Methods: This retrospective cohort studyincluded 99 women who underwent for vulvar cancer. The early (≤1 month) complications were wound infection,breakdown and lymphocyst and late (>1 month) complications were lower limb lymphedema, incontinence anderysipelas. The risk factors for developing each of the complications were analyzed with regression analysis.
Results: In the entire cohort, 29 (29.3%) women experienced early and 12 (12.1%) had late complications.Wound complications including infection and breakdown were the leading early complications (23.2%). In themultivariate analysis, both obesity (body mass index ≥30 kg/m2) and advanced age (≥65 years) were found asindependent predictive factors for early complications. Obese women of advanced age had 6.32 times more riskof experiencing any of the early complications, when compared to non-obese and young women (55.6% vs 8.7%).The most common late complication was lower limb lymphedema (10.1%) that was more frequently seen in youngwomen. However, neither age nor lymph node count were significantly associated with the occurrence of lowerlimb lymphedema.
Conclusions: More than 40% of the women suffered from postoperative complications afteringuinofemoral lymphadenectomy in the current study. While advanced age and obesity were the significantpredictors for any of the early complications, there was no identified risk factor for lower limb lymphedema.