Predictive Value of the Platelet-To-Lymphocyte Ratio in Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer


Purpose: To predict prostatic carcinoma using a logistic regression model on prebiopsy peripheral bloodsamples. Materials and
Methods: Data of a total of 873 patients who consulted Urology Outpatient Clinics of FatihSultan Mehmet Training and Research Hospital between February 2008 and April 2014 scheduled for prostatebiopsy were screened retrospectively. PSA levels, prostate volumes, prebiopsy whole blood cell counts, neutrophiland platelet counts, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), biopsy resultsand Gleason scores in patients who had established diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) were evaluated.
Results:This study was performed on a total of 873 cases, with an age range 48-76 years, divided into three groups asfor biopsy results. with diagnoses of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) (n=304, 34.8 %), PCa (n=265, 30.4 %)and histological prostatitis (n=304; 34.8 %). Intra- and intergroup comparative evaluations were performed.White blood cell and neutrophil counts in the histological prostatitis group were significantly higher than thoseof the BPH and PCa groups (p=0.001; p=0.004; p<0.01). A statistically significant intergroup difference wasfound for PLR (p=0.041; p<0.05) but not lymphocyte count (p>0.05). According to pairwise comparisons, PLRwere significantly higher in the PCa group relative to BPH group (p=0.018, p<0.05, respectively). Though notstatistically significant, higher PLR in cases with PCa in comparison with the prostatitis group was remarkable(p=0.067, and p>0.05, respectively).
Conclusions: Meta-analyses showed that in patients with PSA levels over4 ng/ml, positive predictive value of PSA is only 25 percent. Therefore, novel markers which can both detectclinically significant prostate cancer, and also prevent unnecessary biopsies are needed. Relevant to this issuein addition to PSA density, velocity, and PCA3, various markers have been analyzed. In the present study, PLRw ere found to be the additional predictor of prostatic carcinoma.