1Department of Thoracic and Breast Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki
2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Kihara, Kiyotake, Miyazaki, Japan
Background: We retrospectively analysed the prognostic significance of a tumor marker index (TMI) based on preoperative serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) levels in nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Materials and Methods: We enrolled 176 NSCLC patients who had preoperative serum CEA and KL-6 level measurements and had undergone curative surgery between 2009 and 2011. Results: The 5-year disease-specific survival of patients with high serum CEA levels was significantly poorer compared with that of patients with normal levels. The value for patients with high serum KL-6 levels was also poor. Patients with both normal serum CEA and KL-6 levels had a favourable prognosis, whereas those with both high serum CEA and KL-6 levels had a poor outcome. The5-year disease-specific survival rate was 82.9% for patients in the low TMI group compared to 47.5% in the high TMI group (p<0.01). Both univariate and multivariate analyses revealed prognostic significance for TMI. Conclusions: TMI based on preoperative serum CEA and KL-6 levels might be useful for the prediction of the prognosis of NSCLC patients.