Document Type: Research Articles
Department of Perinatology, School of Medicine, Tehran University Medical of Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Research Center, Tehran University Medical of Sciences, Tehran
Department of General Surgery, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Mother and Newborn Health Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi Hospital, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran
Background: The human 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (hOGG1) gene may be linked with cancer susceptibility. The aim of this study was to quantitatively summarize any association between the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism and breast cancer (BC) risk. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive search of the PubMed, Embase, and ISI web of knowledge databases for papers published before 1 October 2016 was conducted. Summary odds ratios (ORs) with corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (95 %CIs) were estimated, with fixed-effects or random-effects models when appropriate, to assess any association. Results: A total of 9,434 cases and 10,497 controls from 18 studies were included in this meta-analysis. When the eligible studies were pooled, there was no evidence found for a significant association between the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism and BC in in all genetic contrast models G vs. C (OR=1.19, 95% CI 0.92– 1.53), CG vs. CC (OR = 0.97, 95% CI 0.91-1.04, p = 0.46), GG vs. CC (OR = 1.11, 95% CI 0.91-1.35, p = 0.30), GG + CG vs. CC (OR = 0.98, 95% CI 0.92-1.05, p = 0.67), and GG vs. CG + CC (OR = 1.22, 95% CI 0.98-1.52, p = 0.07). According to subgroup analysis, we also did not find a significant association between the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism and BC risk in Asians and Caucasians considered separately. Conclusions: The current meta-analysis suggests that the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism is not significantly associated with BC risk.