Document Type : Research Articles
Clinical and Chemical Pathology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt
Medical Oncology Department, National Cancer Institute, Cairo University, Egypt
Aim: Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme catalyzes the phase I metabolism reaction which metabolize endogenous and exogenous DNA-reactive chemical compounds and xenobiotics which could induce genotoxicity and increase the risk for leukemia. We aimed to detect frequency of CYP3A5*3 and CYP1A1*2C polymorphisms in Egyptian acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients and to determine role of allele’s variants as a risk factor for developing leukemia. Patients and Methods: A case-control study was conducted on seventy acute myeloid leukemia patients and thirty control subjects. Samples were analyzed for prevalence of CYP3A5*3 and CYP1A1*2C polymorphisms using PCR - restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Results: CYP3A5*3 polymorphism (3/3) and (1/3) genotype were significantly elevated in AML group compared to control group (p=0.002). However, no statistical significant differences were found between patients and control group as regard CYP1A1*2C polymorphism. Conclusion: Our results suggest that Egyptians carrying CYP3A5*3 polymorphism might have an increased risk of AML emphasizing the significance of effective phase I detoxification in carcinogenesis.