Document Type : Research Articles
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Sadooghi University of Medical Science, Yazd
Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
Background: Cervical cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in women worldwide. Persistent infection with a high risk human papillomavirus (HR-HPV) is the main etiological factor, so that early early detection of HR-HPV is very important. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of CareTM HPV, a new method, as compared with Pap smear, PCR, and biopsy for screening purposes. Material and Method: In this cross-sectional study, 200 sexually active women aging from 25-50 years referred to the oncology clinic of Shahid Sodoughi Yazd Hospital in 2015 with a variety of cervix epithelial lesions or a need for colposcopy were enrolled. Results for CareTM HPV test (cervical), Pap smear, PCR, and biopsy were analyzed using SPSS 15 software and chi-square test, McNemar, and ROC curve analysis. Qualitative variables were compared using a Chi-square test. Results: CareTM HPV test sensitivity in detecting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade II (CIN-II) and also positive and negative predictive values were higher as compared to with other tests (p<0.05). The Pap smear test specificity was highest. There was no significant differences between CareTM HPV and PCR tests regarding detection of HPV-DNA in cases of CIN-II and worse (p>0.05). Conclusion: The CareTM HPV test has high sensitivity and predictive values for detecting HPV infection, with higher efficacy than the Pap smear test for tracking CIN-II. Therefore it may be recommended for use as a screening test in low-income areas.