Document Type : Research Articles
Reproductive Health Research Center, Nursing and Midwifery Department, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
Student Research Committee, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran.
Nursing and Midwifery School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Background: Breast cancer is one of the most important diseases affecting physical, psychological and social health of women. This study aimed to determine managerial self-efficacy regarding chemotherapy-related symptoms and related risk factors in Iranian patients. Materials and methods: This descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 patients with breast cancer referred to medical centers of Urmia in 2016 with a convenience sampling method . The data collection instrument was the symptom-management self-efficacy scale-breast cancer (SMSES-BC) questionnaire whose validity and reliability was evaluated for the first time for Iranians. Data were analyzed using SPSS software version 20. Results: Most of the patients were in the age range of 41-49 years. Lowest scores were in the areas of emotional and interpersonal disorders and the highest scores in the area of managing chemotherapy-related symptoms. The mean score of self-efficacy chemotherapy-related symptoms was 168.0±25.4. There were significant relationships between age, education, economic status, marital status and life status and self-efficacy chemotherapy-related symptoms. In addition, a positive significant correlation for each of the subscales. Conclusion: It should be noted that interventional efforts for improving managerial self-efficacy of symptoms, especially management of interpersonal and emotional disorders in these patients are necessary.