Heuristic Classifier for Observe Accuracy of Cancer Polyp Using Video Capsule Endoscopy

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Department of Information Technology, Excel Engineering College, India.

2 Department of Information Technology, K S Rangasamy College of Technology, India.

Abstract

 
Methods: Colonoscopy is a technique for examine colon cancer, polyps. In endoscopy, video capsule is universally used mechanism for finding gastrointestinal stages. But both the mechanisms are used to find the colon cancer or colorectal polyp. The Automatic Polyp Detection sub-challenge conducted as part of the Endoscopic Vision Challenge (http://endovis.grand-challenge.org). Method: Colonoscopy may be primary way of improve the ability of colon cancer detection especially flat lesions. Which otherwise may be difficult to detect. Recently, automatic polyp detection algorithms have been proposed with various degrees of success. Though polyp detection in colonoscopy and other traditional endoscopy procedure based images is becoming a mature field, due to its unique imaging characteristics, detecting polyps automatically in colonoscopy is a hard problem. So the proposed video capsule cam supports to diagnose the polyps accurate and easy to identify its pattern. Existing methodology mainly concentrated on high accuracy and less time consumption and it uses many different types of data mining techniques. To analyse these high resolution video scale image we have to take segmentation of image in pixel level binary pattern with the help of a mid-pass filter and relative gray level of neighbours. This work consists of three major steps to improve the accuracy of video capsule endoscopy such as missing data imputation, high dimensionality reduction or feature selection and classification. The above steps are performed using a dataset called endoscopy polyp disease dataset with 500 patients. Our binary classification algorithm relieves human analyses using the video frames. SVM has given major contribution to process the dataset. Results: In this paper the key aspect of proposed results provide segmentation, binary pattern approach with Genetic Fuzzy based Improved Kernel Support Vector machine (GF-IKSVM) classifier. The segmented images all are mostly round shape. The result is refined via smooth filtering, computer vision methods and thresholding steps. Conclusion: Our experimental result produces 94.4% accuracy in that the proposed fuzzy system and genetic Fuzzy, which is higher than the methods, used in the literature. The GF-IKSVM classifier is well-organized and provides good accuracy results for patched VCE polyp disease diagnosis.

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