Age and Gender Related Renal Side Effects of Cisplatin in Animal Model

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Water and Electrolytes Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Department of Physiology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences,Isfahan, Iran.

3 Department of Physiology, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

4 IsfahanMN Institute of Basic and Applied Sciences Research,, Isfahan, Iran.

Abstract

 
Backgrounds: Cisplatin (CDDP) is a choice of anti-cancer drug for cancer chemotherapy with serious side effects such as nephrotoxicity. It seems that age is an important factor influencing the side effects of CDDP. This study was designed to determine the role of age and gender simultaneously in CDDP induced renal toxicity. Methods: 40 Wistar male and female rats were assigned as 6 groups in 3 different age categories (10, 16, and 20 weeks old). The single dose of CDDP (7.5 mg/kg, ip) was administrated, and a week later measurements were performed. Results: Body weight changes in male (not in female) animals aged 16 and 20 weeks were more than 10 weeks old animals (P<0.05). In male rats, the serum levels of creatinine (Cr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and Cr-clearance in aged 10 weeks, normalized kidney weight (KW) in aged 20 weeks, and serum nitrite, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and kidney tissue damage score (KTDS) in rats aged 16 weeks were significantly altered (P<0.05). Gender difference in serum level of Cr, BUN and nitrite, and Cr-clearance were observed in animals aged10 weeks (P<0.05). Conclusion: The side effects of CDDP are gender depended, and may be different at various ages.

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