XPG Asp1104His, XRCC2 rs3218536 A/G and RAD51 135G/C gene polymorphisms and colorectal cancer risk: A meta-analysis

Document Type: Research Articles

Authors

1 Zahedan University of medical Sciences

2 Zahedan University of Medical Sciences

3 Zabol University of Medical Sciences

Abstract

Background: DNA repair mechanisms are crucial for sustaining DNA integrity and preventing carcinogenesis. The xeroderma pigmentosum group G (XPG), X-ray repair cross complementing group 2 (XRCC2) and RAD51 are candidate genes for DNA repair pathways. Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of 26 studies that assessed the impact of XPG Asp1104His, XRCC2 rs3218536 A/G and RAD51 135G/C polymorphisms on colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. This study included 10288 CRC patients and 11885 controls, and odds ratio (OR) with its 95% confidence interval (CI) were used to calculate the strength of association. Results: The results of overall meta-analysis suggested an association between the XPG Asp1104His polymorphism and CRC susceptibility in allele (OR=1.06; 95%CI=1.01-1.12) and heterozygote model (OR=1.16; 95%CI=1.02-1.31). In the subgroup analysis based on ethnicity and source of control, we found significantly increased CRC cancer risk in Asians (OR=1.12, 95%CI=1.04-1.21) and in hospital-based (OR=1.22, 95%CI=1.08-1.38) populations. Moreover, the RAD51 135 G/C polymorphism increased the risk of CRC in total using allele (OR=1.21) and recessive models (OR=1.62). However, XRCC2 rs3218536 A/G was not associated with the risk of CRC in total or in subgroups. Conclusions: According to the results of our meta-analysis, the XPG Asp1104His and RAD51 135 G/C polymorphisms might influence colorectal cancer risk.

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